DID YOU KNOW? Companies spend $8 billion on bias training every year.
But does unconscious bias training work?
Below, we've broken down the key studies surrounding the effectiveness of bias training.
You can read our full report on unconscious bias training here.
Summary: does unconscious bias training work?
Reducing implicit bias
- Unconscious bias training has been proven to have some impact on implicit bias (this is the type of bias we don't know we have).
- Participants of one study scored better on the Implicit Association Test following training, however, this effect had worn off after 8 weeks.
- Key takeaway: training does reduce implicit bias - although only temporarily.
Reducing explicit bias
- Explicit biases are the stereotypes that we hold consciously. When it comes to this kind of bias, training doesn't seem to help whatsoever.
- In one study, white subjects read a brochure critiquing prejudice towards black people, which actually strengthened some participants' bias against black people.
- Key takeaway: unconscious bias training doesn't work for explicit bias, and can even make it worse.
- Changing behaviour is essentially the point of training - we want people to make better choices.
- A study of 800+ companies showed that training had 'no positive effects in the average workplace'.
- Key takeaway: when it comes to real-life outcomes, bias training simply isn't very effective.
So, does unconscious bias training work?
The short answer is no.
However, the reality is a little more complex.
Unconscious bias training does have some effect.
Bias is reduced for a period of time after training.
And there's value in raising awareness around bias.
But when we look at actual behaviour change, this is where training fails to make an impact.
If you're looking into unconscious bias training to improve diversity and inclusion - given that a one-day course for 50 people costs an average of $2,000 to $6,000 - it's probably not worth investing in.
Why doesn't unconscious bias training work?
Unconscious bias training doesn't work because most of our bias (as its name suggests) is unconscious.
We don't know we're doing it.
If you make people aware of their bias, they might be able to make better decisions for a period of time.
However, without constant reminders, our unconscious bias will slip back into decision-making.
And we may be biased even when we believe we're being objective.
The truth is: you can't train bias out of people.
Why? Because unconscious bias is human nature.
Although de-biasing people isn't the way forward (at least not a cost-effective one), bias can be reducing by de-biasing processes instead.
De-biasing environments, rather than people
When it comes to changing behaviour, instead of changing the people who make decisions, it's more effective to change the environment decisions are made in.
In terms of recruitment, you can't change the way a hirer's brain works, but you can change the hiring process itself.
Rather than tell people not to be biased, you can simply design a process that removes the possibility of bias.
This is exactly why we built Applied - to remove unconscious bias from the hiring process.
Why spend a fortune on training individuals when you can build a process that negates bias by design?
To find out more about how we go about de-biasing hiring, grab a copy of our go-to manual below (everything we recommend can be set up without our platform and without spending a penny).
We designed the Applied platform to make fair, data-driven hiring as easy and effective as possible - from writing conversion-optimised job descriptions to tracking and reporting on your recruitment success.